Why high blood pressure?
In modern society, more and more people complain of high blood pressure. Despite the fact that many treat him lightly and do not cure him, high blood pressure is a serious disease that progresses over time and can seriously harm a person. In order to diagnose it in time and start treatment, it is necessary to find out what hypertension is and why it rises.
Why high blood pressure: the main reasons
High blood pressure that appears systematically is also called hypertension. What happens in a person with hypertension?
Blood to all organs and tissues of the human body supplies a network of arteries. Blood is necessary for the saturation of organs with nutrients and oxygen. If for some reason the arteries narrow, the blood is much less, and then the heart tries to fill the lack of blood. The heart increases blood flow to the site of arterial constriction, which leads to an increase in blood pressure.
There is also secondary hypertension when high blood pressure is one of the symptoms of some other disease. True, secondary hypertension is much less common and disappears after a cure for the disease.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Unfortunately, very often the increased pressure is not felt in any way until the disease takes on its advanced form. Undetected hypertension can seriously threaten the life of the sick, for example, provoking a heart attack or stroke.
But still, some signs may help you diagnose hypertension in the early stages. Increased pressure may be accompanied by dizziness, nausea, anxiety, interruptions in the work of the heart, increased sweating, darkening of the eyes, and severe headache. If some of these symptoms occur often enough, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Causes of High Pressure
Doctors agree that high blood pressure has complex causes. Stress and distress, chronic fatigue, disturbances in sleep, work and rest, sedentary lifestyle often lead to hypertension.Agree that in one way or another these modern people have these risk factors.
Improper nutrition is another cause of high blood pressure. This is especially true for increased salt intake. The increased salt content in your food gradually worsens the condition of the vessels - they become fragile and lose elasticity.
Contributes to the development of hypertension, alcohol and smoking. In large quantities, alcoholic beverages and cigarettes accelerate the heartbeat, thereby increasing pressure on the walls of blood vessels.
Excess weight also overloads the body, resulting in increased pressure. In addition, sometimes hypertension can have genetic causes.
High blood pressure prevention
You can greatly reduce the risk of developing hypertension, if you develop the habit of monitoring your health. Proper nutrition, daily exercise, good sleep and active rest are the main ways to prevent high blood pressure. It is necessary to try not to bring yourself to stress, to avoid severe exhaustion. A good result will give getting rid of extra pounds, limiting smoking and alcohol consumption.
Remember that for chronic hypertension, you need to consult a doctor who will prescribe the appropriate medication.