What is useful and harmful persimmon?
Persimmon is a berry, not a fruit.
Externally, the persimmon is more like a baked apple or a smooth peach, a photo of the "fruit" of the persimmon in the section:
Persimmon in cut
In which countries grow persimmon?Mentioned China (the historical birthplace of the fetus), Africa and the North Caucasus gave further distribution of this berry throughout the European continent, and in Asian countries with a subtropical and tropical climate.As an agricultural crop in the XIX century of amazing taste, fruits appeared in Brazil and in the warm southern regions of the USA. In India and Sri Lanka persimmon is known as the "ebony of Ceylon", it grows in Australia, the common (Caucasian) persimmon is found in Japan, Italy and Spain - this is what we see on the shelves of our stores.
The astringent properties of persimmon often limit its use in everyday nutrition: the effect of tannic acid (tannin) is not very pleasant for the oral mucosa. It should be noted that“Knit” only unripe fruit- fully ripe berries do not have tannin, and some varieties (for example, the Kinglet) initially have less astringent properties.
What are the benefits and harms of the fruit of persimmon (blood orange) for the body of a woman?
One of the most useful substances in the composition of the berries is magnesium - this is the qualitative work of the heart muscle, the stability of the nervous system, an effective fight against insomnia, depressive states and neuroses, a bad mood. According to doctors, the combination of special substances is an effective prevention of cancer.
For women's beauty persimmon is considered an invaluable product. Consider the beneficial properties and contraindications of the fruit of persimmon (blood orange) for the body of women.Beneficial featurespersimmon:
- carotene is responsible for moisturizing and nourishing the skin of the body, hair, strengthening nails;
- masks made from pulp with egg yolk will eliminate the rash and redness on the skin, moisturize the skin of the face, making it silky and tender;
- Vitamin C protects the female body from seasonal colds and infections;
- regular consumption of this berry will remove swelling of the limbs and eliminate swelling under the eyes;
- due to the presence of potassium in this tasty fruit, intestinal peristalsis improves, and this, in turn, helps the woman's health;
- magnesium stabilizes the nervous system;
- for pregnant women it is important that the calcium and phosphorus constituents in the persimmon strengthen the bones of the mother's body, lay the bones of the future child, and have a beneficial effect on the condition of the teeth;
- iron contained in the berry normalizes blood hemoglobin levels;
- one or two orange berries a day slow down the aging.
Of contraindicationsIt should be noted:
- high glycemic level of the fetus and a solid content of easily digestible saccharides does not allow (or limits) the intake of persimmonwith diabetes;
- this fruit is contraindicatedfor patients undergoing surgery on the intestines or stomache;
- persimmon is contraindicatedwith adhesive diseases of the abdominal cavity.
The benefits and harms of persimmon health are directly dependent on the degree of maturity of the fetus, the state of the human body and its age, individual perception or intolerance of individual components of the product.
Unripe persimmon can cause colic and stomach cramps even in a healthy person.
What is useful and harmful persimmon for the body of men?
Useful properties of this berry to strengthen bones and teeth, stabilize the nervous system and extend to the male body.Vegetable sugars and potassium saltsminimize the risk of atherosclerosis, strengthen blood vessels, relieve symptoms of hypertension, normalize venous and blood pressure. Bright orange fruits with regular use significantly strengthen the immune system, preserve youth, prevent premature aging.
For a leading active lifestyle, or, conversely, a man suffering from physical inactivity, it is important to have the property of persimmon, thanks to delicate fiber, clean the intestines from slag deposits and effectively “cleanse” the body as a whole. A significant amount of pectin allows evenone eaten fruit for a long time to get a feeling of satiety.
Useful exclusively for men, the property of ripe persimmon - preventing the development of prostatitis
Magnesium will be an effective prevention of kidney stone disease, in addition, the presence in the fruits of this mineral will help in reducing muscle tone, typical for men in the winter season. In general, these berries can improve performance, reduce headache and muscle pain.
Contraindications, in addition to the already mentioned diabetes, include a tendency to obesity and intestinal constipation.
Energy value (calorie) persimmon
For those who adhere to a dietary ration, it is important to know, high-calorie persimmon or not. Depending on the weight of the fresh fruit, which can vary from 200 to 250 g,calorie persimmon is 50 ... 100 kcal. Calories in Persimmon-Korolke lie closer to the lower limit: 55-60 kcal / 100 g of product. It is often mistakenly believed that dried fruits are less caloric, however, they contain 245 kcal.
Calorie content varies depending on the variety, the most popular among which is the persimmon. The calorie content of a fruit or, more correctly, a berry is on average 56.13 kcal, which is only 2-4% of the diet based on an indicator of 2000 kcal / day.
It should be noted that the nutritional value (caloric content) of a chocolate persimmon is approximately the same as for a korolok: 60 kcal per 100 g of product. Persimmon Sharon is a hybrid of Japanese persimmon and apple - the caloric value of sharon lies in the same range: 55 ... 60 kcal / 100 g.
Kinglet sliced in a plate
When calculating the daily diet, it is important to know not only the nutritional value of the product per 100 g, but also how much 1 persimmon weighs. The best option is to weigh each fruit, because the berries can be very different in size. If this is not possible, it is recommended to focus on the average weight of the berries:one fruit the size of an average apple can weigh 200 ... 250 g- The small persimmon in size turns out to be quite heavy, in 1 kg there will be 4-5 pieces.
How much persimmon is digested? According to research, the eaten fruit is completely digested3 hours 45 minutes- quite a long time.
The chemical composition of persimmon: vitamins and nutrients
The next important question - what is in a persimmon? This fruit is not only incredibly tasty, but also useful in all respects. It contains:
- responsible for the normal development of the body, the immune system and reproductive function, skin condition and health of the organs of visionvitamin A;
- antioxidant-provitamin A (B-carotene);
- for redox reactions, immunity, iron absorption, condition of teeth and gumsvitamin C;
- stabilization of the nervous system, muscle and bone development of the body providescalcium;
- energy metabolism, synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, prevention of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases controlsmagnesium;
- iron contentin the fetus prevents the development of anemia, diseases of skeletal muscles, fatigue, atrophic gastritis.
How much iodine in persimmon?It is one of the few products available that contain large amounts of natural iodine.
For sticking to low-calorie diets or people with diabetes, it's important to knowhow much sugar in persimmon. Unfortunately, the high content of sugars (glucose - 5.44 ... 5.9 g, fructose - 5.56-6.30 g, sucrose - 1.54 g, mono- and disaccharides - 15.3 g) in these tasty fruits limits the scope of their consumption: this berry is not recommended for the diet of people suffering from obesity and diabetes, people with poor digestion and children under 3 years.
Like almost any food this fruit hasa number of contraindicationsfor categories of people who can not eat persimmon:
- overweight, obese - due to the high content of sugars (fructose, glucose);
- diabetes patients;
- is it possible to eat persimmon with gastritis? The high content of tannic acid (tannin) makes persimmon a prohibited product for adhesive diseases and operations on the abdominal cavity. In case of gastritis and gastroduodenitis, this berry is recommended to be used with caution, to the question “is persimmon harmful to an ulcer?” The answer is unequivocal - yes;
- washing up persimmon with milk or cold water can lead to intestinal upset;
- pregnant women should not strongly lean on persimmon: its bright orange color indicates the possibility of strong allergic reactions in the newborn;
- tasty and juicy fruits because of the same tannin, alas, are not recommended for the ration of children under three years old, since they can lead to constipation;
- Unlimited consumption of persimmon can lead to phytobezozoar - soft or dense stuck together "gastric stones" from the peel, seed, fiber of various sizes, and the subsequent mechanical obstruction of the intestine. An already serious situation can be aggravated by a sedentary lifestyle, inadequate use of liquids, including mineral waters or carbonated beverages.
Fresh persimmon is recommended to be consumed separately from other products.
Persimmon with pancreatitis is allowed, but with serious reservations:
- when the disease is exacerbated from these berries should be discarded completely: the decrease in insulin in the body during this period, hello to the incomplete digestion of sugars and carbohydrates, which are so rich in fruit;
- reduced intestinal motor activity in combination with pancreatitis requires caution when taking persimmon, especially in an immature condition - this can cause constipation and acute intestinal obstruction;
- after an exacerbation persimmon can be used not earlier than two months,starting with a small amount (for example, one teaspoon) of the pulp of fruits baked or cooked in a microwave, gradually switching to fresh ones;
- persimmon and pancreas are quite compatible, but it is important not to overeat even ripe fruits: one piece per day will be enough;
- It is strongly recommended to eat purified persimmon: it is not easy to remove the peel from a round fruit, so it is cut in half and the pulp is selected from the inside with a spoon.
Hypertensives are interested in the answer to the question -Is persimmon dangerous under pressure?Due to the light diuretic action and beneficial substances, the fruit pulp is able to slightly lower blood pressure, and regular intake normalizes the cardiovascular system. In addition, this berry reduces cholesterol in the blood, prevents the formation of atherosclerotic vascular plaques, is useful for the body's metabolic processes. You should know that the tannins of the fetus have a hemostatic effect - in other words,persimmon thickens blood.
Kings on a plate
Allergenic persimmon or not?
Is persimmon an allergen? Really,Allergy to this tasty and healthy product exists and manifests itself in the following symptoms, indicating irritation and even inflammation of the internal organs and mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract:
- flatulence (gassing) and diarrhea;
- desire for vomiting, nausea;
- pain in the stomach;
- arrhythmia or palpitations;
- a sharp decrease in blood pressure;
- fluid accumulation in the bronchi and nasal sinuses.
In severe cases, persimmon allergy can cause anaphylactic shock - in this situation it is necessaryemergency medical intervention, otherwise a person can die from suffocation as a result of swelling of the respiratory tract and other organs.
Does persimmon cause constipation or weakness?
Let us see what role persimmon plays for the intestines: does persimmon weaken or, conversely, cause constipation? Opinions diverge and it is no coincidence: for an organism with a healthy system of digestion, this fruit will have a laxative effect, and in case of violation of the intestinal microflora there is a high probability of constipation.
Persimmon as a laxative natural remedynot only normalizes intestinal motility, but also removes harmful substances - metals, pesticides, radioactive compounds.For violations of stool and dysbiosis, in the treatment of intestinal diseases, doctors and nutritionists are advised to completely abandon the use of this berry or limit its presence in the diet to a minimum -persimmon causes gas formation, excessive and unnecessary in this period, the intensity of the walls of the intestine.
Another question:persimmon diuretic or not?Yes, this berry can rightfully be considered a diuretic - it contains a large amount of water and potassium, which is why, when used as a diuretic, it does not wash out potassium from the body. The concomitant effect of using this product will be the prevention of stone formation in the bladder.
What are the benefits and contraindications of dried persimmon (blood orange) for the human body?
Drying (dehydration) increases the nutritional value of the king more than twice,useful properties of dried persimmonare as follows:
- Invaluable for the gastrointestinal tract: getting rid of diarrhea and dyspepsia, reducing the risk of intestinal bleeding during gastritis, improving appetite and hemorrhoidal state;
- removes alcohol oxides from the body, minimizing alcohol poisoning;
- improves elasticity of blood vessels and blood circulation, lowers blood pressure;
- useful for treating coughs and colds;
- The betulinic acid which is a part is useful at oncological diseases - after removal of tumors and during rehabilitation;
- antiseptic effect is manifested in compresses from dried fruit mashed into mush.
This does not end the useful properties of dried persimmon: it prolongs the body's youth, prevents aging, is an excellent means of fighting free radicals, strengthens the immune system, is useful for eye muscles.
All about persimmon for children under one year
The ratio of persimmon to dietary products makes it very attractive for inclusion in the child's diet: juicy, healthy, bright, she just asks in the daily menu. Buthow old can you eat persimmon? It turns out that there are some age restrictions regarding this berry.
Persimmon is introduced into the nutrition of the child only after a year.
This recommendation is associated with the presence in the berry of a significant amount of tannins,which are capable of disturbing peristalsis and so not differing in the stability of the intestines of a young organism until obstruction. In addition, even the orange color of the fruit indicates that it can be attributed to strong allergens - and if the child has already developed allergic reactions, it is worth refraining from this new product.
Why do you want a persimmon for a small child? Of course, he still does not understand all the benefits of the vitamins, trace elements and pectin contained in it - for him, first of all, the sweet, slightly tart taste and juicy pulp are attractive. The task of parents is to make sure that there is no overeating, and to diversify children's dishes from this berry - besides fresh fruits, suggestsalads, casseroles, jams and preserves.
How to eat persimmon?
The knowledge of how to choose a persimmon juicy and tasty, will help to get a really useful fruit, which will deliver into the body a lot of vitamins and nutrients. Regardless of the variety, ripe berries have varying degrees of tartness, sweet taste - the exception is a perennial, dark orange on the outside and brownish inside: it has a delicate flavor even with insufficient maturity.So, all the manipulations when choosing this miracle fruitcome down to the definition of fetal ripeness- and here are its signs:
- smooth and shiny skin should be thin and translucent;
- the presence of brown stripes on the surface of the fruit is proportional to the sweetness of the fruit - the more the better;
- if it is possible to assess the pulp, it should be a jelly-like consistency - the ripe fruit is soft to the touch;
- the fruit stem, without which the persimmon is practically not sold, is of a good ripe fruit, dry, the leaves on it are dried, brown or brown in color;
- the concentric rings at the stem will almost certainly indicate the tartness of the fetus;
- The fruit with cracks in the stem should be treated with caution: what kind of berry is either exceptionally sweet or is already rotting from the inside.
Acquired unripe persimmon is easily brought to a ripe state at home
There are no special rules for eating persimmon, everything is simple:
- The fruit should be thoroughly washed under running water before use: its skin is edible, and therefore germs should not remain on it.
- The peduncle with leaves is removed with a sharp thin knife.
- If there is a need to remove the skin, which in a ripe fruit is thin and soft, use the same method with tomato blanching: immerse the persimmon in water for a few seconds - after that, the skin can be easily removed.
- If the consistency of pulp allows persimmon can be cut into slices or slices. Too soft ripe fruit is recommended to eat, choosing the pulp from the inside with a spoon.
- Tart persimmon can be withered or dried, however, you should not cook compote from dried fruits - in hot water the fruit will return its tartness.
- Persimmon is digested for a long time, more than 3 hours, so it is not recommended to mix it with other hard-to-digest foods, but fruit or vegetable salads, sweet salsa, desserts and jams will help diversify the diet.
Why can not eat a lot of persimmon?The presence of tannin (tannins) and a long digestion process make this berry a rather heavy product for the intestines: regular consumption of this fruit in large quantities can lead to constipation, the appearance of fitobesoars, mechanical obstruction of the intestine. Such serious problems are often solved only by operational methods.
Persimmon can cause abdominal pain
What to do,if after a persimmon the stomach hurts? First of all, analyze the situation:
- Perhaps more berries were eaten than the body wanted - overeating caused pain symptoms. What happens if you eat a lot of persimmon? The stomach may be sick and sore, and these are already serious symptoms of food poisoning.
- One should refrain from eating the fruit with the slightest sensations of astringent astringent taste: there is a lot of tannin (tannins) in such fruits.
- You can not drink persimmon with water or milk, it is undesirable to eat it on an empty stomach and interspersed with other products "heavy" for the intestines, but can be combined with fermented milk - yogurt, cottage cheese, cream. A pleasant flavor combination is obtained when mixed with orange juice.
Many wonder when there is a persimmon:before or after eating?The recommendation of nutritionists is unambiguous: these fruits should be eaten either half an hour before the main meal, or one hour after it. In addition, the presence of meat dishes for lunch or dinner shifts persimmon even further: it will be possible to pamper yourself only 2-2.5 hours after such a substantial meal.Persimmon on an empty stomach for breakfast is strongly discouraged: the high content of pectin and tannic acid in it can eventually lead to the formation of a gastric stone.
Sometimes you want to diversify the diet that has become habitual: fresh fruits are, of course, good, but is it possible to bake persimmon? Not only it is possible, but also it is recommended: tart on taste of a berry in the baked kind becomes sweet and juicy. If desired, chopped nuts, honey and a pinch of cinnamon can be added to the pulp - a delicious and healthy dessert for adults and children.
The usefulness of persimmon juice
The juicy flesh of this berry itself suggests healthy and nutritious drinks - for example,juice from ripe and healthy fruitspleasant in all respects:
- a significant amount of iodine makes it an excellent tool for diseases of the thyroid gland;
- high glucose and fructose content will calm hunger for a long time;
- beta-carotene has a positive effect on visual acuity, prolongs the youth of the body, preventing aging and diseases of the respiratory system;
- PP and C vitamins to cope with depression and fatigue, make skin and hair more healthy;
- a balanced combination of magnesium, potassium and iron normalizes cardiovascular activity;
You can make juice or smoothies from persimmon
- such a drink will serve as a preventive measure for age-related neoplasms and stops their growth;
- the mild diuretic effect of juice is beneficial for hypertensive patients - one or two glasses of drink per day is enough and you can refuse the usual pills;
- refreshing nourishing drink stabilizes the intestinal tact and stomach, gonads and liver, the juice is recommended for gastric disorders;
- antiseptic properties of persimmon juice will be useful when applying compresses to wounds, abrasions; burns;
- iron-rich drink is an excellent remedy for anemia: half or a full glass is recommended before meals;
- this juice, slightly diluted with water, will help with colds and coughs.
In the preparation of the juice is used only the flesh of healthy ripe fruit.
For juice, the same contraindications remain as for fresh fruits: obesity, diabetes mellitus, intestinal obstruction, chronic diseases of the stomach.
What sort of persimmon is the most healthy and tasty?
Discussion of the benefits and tastes of each variety,what kinds of persimmon are:
- Kinglet (Hiakume)- the most famous and popular on the shelves of the variety: the fruits are elongated from honey-yellow to dark brown (namely, brown fruits in the people refer to the variety"Chocolate"). The flesh is sweet, tender, not at all tart, does not possess an astringent property. The beneficial properties of chocolate persimmon are the same as those of other varieties in general - differences in taste, growing conditions and storage;
- To Oriental varieties includeChocolat (Zenji Maru)andSharon (Persimmon Apple)- the astringency of taste is manifested only in unripe fruits, the aromatic taste of Sharon resembles quince and apricot;
- Russian woman- cultivated with breeders of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden in Crimea, a variety with a very sweet flesh, in ripe fruits that resembles a jam of consistency.
- Tomato(sometimes referred to as the same variety of tomatoes,"Bull's heart"orpersimmon goby) is a large pitted fruit with orange pulp, soft and tender;
- HoneyorMandarin- in the form of fruit resemble tangerine, honey to taste. One of the sweetest varieties, sometimes to the utmost.Seedless, the pulp at any stage of maturation retains a bright orange color, in a fully ripe fruit, a liquid, jelly consistency.
- Chinese persimmonIt has a specific shape and cannot be confused with another kind of berry: the relief groove in the upper part will immediately indicate that the fruit belongs to this variety. Hard peel, even at the last stage of ripening, this variety lacks sweetness - Chinese persimmon tastes rarely pleasant;
- Black persimmonorDagestan(black sapot) - small fruits with a diameter of 5 ... 12 cm, with a jelly-like, rather sweet pulp; This small persimmon is great for diet and fight with extra pounds;
- Flat persimmonorFigsdiffers from other varieties of flat fruit, resembling figs, brown with pits or lighter and yellow pitted. The rind is thin, regardless of the degree of maturity of the berry taste is viscous. Fruits with a stone are traditionally considered tastier.
What is the difference between persimmon and blood orange? The Kinglet is a group of “feminine” persimmon varieties: the fruits that develop from the female flower are called persimmon, and the male fruit is called the Kinglet.The Kinglet is distinguished by an elongated shape of the berry and the absence of an astringent taste, even for not fully ripe fruits. The benefits of the chocolate bead are obvious even in an unripe condition: the fruits are used with elevated blood pressure, heat and fever.
Where to store unripe persimmon?
If the persimmon is unripe, shouldcorrectly organize its storagee at home - proper storage conditions will ensure the safety of the berries for more than 3 months:
- in the refrigerator - at a temperature of 0 ... + 1 ° C and a humidity of 90%; ripe fruit is maintained under such conditions for about four days;
- in the basement of the house or on the glazed balcony / loggia - in boxes or baskets, the bottom of which is lined with paper. Fruits are stacked in one or two layers, each peppered chips, straw or sawdust. In the two-layer storage variant, the lower layer is laid down with the stalks, the upper layer - with the stalks up;
- Fruits in the freezer are able to be stored for up to six months: healthy, without defects, the whole fruits are thoroughly washed, dried, placed in plastic bags and frozen. When freezing the pieces, the stalk and the bones are removed from the fruit, the berry is cut into slices;
- a small green persimmon can be frozen in sugar syrup: whole fruits are washed, dried, placed in suitable jars, filled with cooled sugar syrup, covered with a lid and frozen in the freezer. The defrosting of such supplies is performed at room temperature.
Korolki on the counter
What are the properties of frozen persimmon fruits?
With well-executed freezing, the berry does not lose its taste, it becomes soft and juicy (it should be eaten with a spoon),preserves all the beneficial ingredients and vitamins. Defrosting should be carried out at room temperature: the taste qualities of many varieties become better and sweeter, tartness and viscosity go away - that's why persimmon is frozen.
What can not eat persimmon?
The fact that products are incompatible with each other, many people know. Consume with persimmoncan't:
- chicken and duck eggs - it is possible the formation of stones;
- sweet potato;
- the majority of aquatic products - fish should be especially noted for crucian carp;
- seafood and crabs;
- otter meat and goose;
Many nutritionists say about the incompatibility of persimmon with dairy (but not with fermented milk) products. What happens ifeat persimmon with milk? There will be diarrhea, and the degree and duration of bowel relaxation and failure in its functioning depends on the general state of the body and the age of the person who ate the incompatible products. Milk is generally not recommended to drink after or while taking fresh fruits, vegetables and berries.
Do they get fat from persimmons?
A persimmon is contraindicated for those prone to obesity and people with diabetes, not due to an increase in “extra” kilograms, but to the presence of a large amount of sugars. With proper organization of the diet, sweet persimmon will replace much like more harmful cakes, sweets and cookies - while the body does not produce intensive insulin and does not wake up a brutal appetite, as when digesting sweets.
The opinion that persimmon gets better is no more than a myth. But you can hardly lose weight: a person with proper nutrition, most likely,will stay with his weight. When fats are digested, the fats that are not needed during the diet are not formed, fructose enters the liver, is converted into glucose and does not harm the body - if you do not abuse persimmon (and two or three persimmon fruits will satisfy hunger for a long time),then a slim figure does not threaten anything.
Leaves of persimmons
The leaves, located on the fruit stem of the berries and on the branches of the tree, are not entirely junk material:
- at the stage of fetal selection, their color will indicate its ripeness - they must be dried, brown or brown;
- poured boiling water and steamed leaves will help to effectively clean and heal the festering wounds, abrasions and boils;
- when brewing persimmon leaves, it will be useful for elderly people and patients with anemia tea with excellent taste.
Persimmon grows on a branch
What will happen if you swallow a stone from persimmon?
The presence of seed-seeds in the fruit indicates its full pollination - this means that the berry has a sweetness, aroma and practically does not “knit”.
The average fruit contains 5-6 ossicles
Stone from persimmon in the usual form is not edible, but if you happen to swallow it - you should not panic: by itself, the stone has a streamlined shape, its surface is slippery, and therefore will come out naturally. To facilitate the process will help fresh kefir, oatmeal (due to its enveloping properties), prunes and other weakening products.
Useful properties of persimmon pits, oddly enough, there are:
- during the Civil War in the United States, the peeled seeds growing in the southern territories in abundance of persimmon dried, roasted and ground, getting flour for baking bakery products;
- strongly roasted ground stones can replace coffee;
- It is easy to grow an ornamental tree from the seeds of a ripe fruit at home, and in the southern regions - and fruit, in open ground.
Is it possible to persimmon a pet?
Despite the balanced diet of pets, no, no, yes, and the owners want to pamper their furry or not very foster children with something exotic. So they give noble yorkam persimmon without restrictions, and then dogs (not only this, but also other breeds) suffer from indigestion - tannins (tannins) cause constipation, violate intestinal motility.
Achatina persimmons can be given to snails, but not more than once a week: the fruit should be ripe and sweet, without putrefactive injuries and not have astringent taste.
Cats can eat persimmon, but with caution
But is it possible to please the representatives of the cat family with an exotic berry? Not every cat or cat is a persimmon.It will become, and if it eats with pleasure, then there are limitations for this product too:persimmon cats can, but rarely- no more than once a week and no more than 30 g. Persimmon has a diuretic effect and can provoke constipation not only in humans, but also in animals. And the smaller in size and weight of a pet, the more difficult it will be in case of poisoning: diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, and indigestion for a long time.