What is hyperplasia?

Galina Mirzahmedova
Galina Mirzahmedova
January 25, 2015
What is hyperplasia?

The diagnosis of hyperplasia sometimes causes fear in patients who do not know the meaning of this term. In truth, first you need to figure out what hyperplasia is and what are the causes of its occurrence, because this condition in many cases is amenable to successful treatment.

What is hyperplasia of various organs?

Hyperplasia is a broad concept that means an increase in the number of structural components of the tissues of which an organ consists. The causes of hyperplasia, which stimulate cell proliferation, can be many:

  • Hormonal imbalance in the body;
  • Violation of the nervous regulation of growth and cell division;
  • Disruption of connections between the endocrine glands and the work of the organs
  • The growth of tissues due to the action of specific growth stimulants, which are formed in the body as a result of the breakdown of certain substances (carcinogenic, blastomogenic, etc.)

There are physiological and pathological hyperplasia. The first is the active reproduction of mammary gland cells when a woman carries a fetus during pregnancy.Pathological hyperplasia is, for example, the formation of benign tumors in various organs (lungs, glandular tissues, intestines, kidneys, etc.)

The word "hyperplasia" is used, for example, in the sentence: "Focal endometrial hyperplasia is the growth of tissues in the form of individual foci." "Enamel hyperplasia is a pathological buildup of hard tissue on the teeth, often found in children."