Useful properties and tastes of elderberry
Since ancient times, people are well known for the healing properties of black elderberry. Some Germanic people believed that this bush is a healing plant of witches, but, nevertheless, no one dared to cut it, since this could bring a lot of trouble on the person.
And the Slavic peoples, on the contrary, considered elderberry as a sacred plant that repels evil spirits, so every master tried to plant this bush near his house. In the Middle Ages, elderberry juice was used as a dye for coloring hair and fabrics, and also prepared wine from these berries and even flowers.
Times change, but the black elder has not yet lost its popularity as a means to treat many different diseases. In folk medicine, the whole plant is used: berries, flowers, bark, leaves and even roots. Each of the parts of this shrub has its own healing properties.
It is worth noting that there is an elderberry red, but it is a very poisonous plant for humans.You also need to be careful with the use of black elderberry in raw form, since the unripe berries contain a substance called amygdalin, which can be converted into prussic acid.
But this substance is no longer in ripe dried berries, so they can be safely consumed.
Elderberry properties and methods of its use
Blackberry is a unique plant that is used to treat a variety of diseases: from respiratory diseases to cancer at an early stage. Now let's figure out what properties each of the parts of the bush possesses, and how it can be used for medicinal purposes.
Fresh leaves of black elderberry contain a large amount of carotene and vitamin C. Also in their composition are: tannins, aldehydes, essential oil, sambunigrin, tarry substances and alkaloids. And in the dry leaves there is provitamin A1.
Thanks to these substances, the leaves have antipyretic, diaphoretic, astringent, diuretic and analgesic effects. They are also able to stop the blood. Leaves are used for the treatment of hemorrhoids, burns, diaper rash, furuncles, as well as fractures and dislocations.Young leaves have a laxative effect, so they are used to treat constipation. To do this, they need to boil in honey and taken orally.
From hemorrhoids help infusion of 8 leaves of elderberry and 1 tbsp. spoons of sage, which need to be filled with a glass of boiling water. After an hour, add 1 teaspoon of honey to the resulting tincture. It must be taken half a cup per day for 1 month.
It is very important to make sure that you picked the leaves of the black elderberry, and not the red one, since they are no different from each other. If you are not sure what kind of elderberry it is, then it is better to abandon the preparation of infusion of these leaves, otherwise it can end in a strong poisoning.
Black elderberry flowers contain a large number of various substances, such as organic acids (valerian, malic, coffee, chlorogenic and acetic acid), glycosides (rutinopodobny aldrin and sambunigrin), carotene, choline, ethylisobutyl, isoamylamines, essential oil, tannin, vitamin C, sugars and tannins.
In order to get as much benefit from the elderberry, its flowers should be plucked with whole buds during the period of active flowering (from late May to early July), and this is best done in sunny weather. Dry them in the shade outdoors.Already dried flowers should be stored in paper packaging.
Elderberry flowers have a good diaphoretic and antibacterial effect, so they are used to prepare infusions and decoctions intended for the treatment of colds, flu, tonsillitis and bronchitis. To make such an infusion, you need 1 tbsp. a spoonful of dried flowers pour 1 cup of boiled water and bring everything to a boil, then the infusion should be kept on low heat for 15 minutes.
Then it should be cooled for 45 minutes, squeezed and add more boiled water in order to restore the original volume. Take the infusion you need half a cup three times a day before meals. Blackberry is a good expectorant, so this infusion also helps to soften the dry cough. In addition, it removes inflammation of the oral mucosa, if used as a rinse aid.
Also from the flowers of this shrub can be prepared tincture. To do this, just need 1 tbsp. Spoon raw material pour 1 cup boiling water and insist for 30 minutes. Tincture need to take 1-3 tbsp. spoon before meals three times a day. It helps to reduce puffiness in diseases of the bladder and kidney disorders.
Compresses using elderberry decoction help with joint diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, arthrosis, and paralysis. They also reduce pain with radiculitis. To enhance the effect, you can take an infusion of these flowers inward 1/3 cup three times a day. This especially helps with rheumatism and gout.
Black elderberry berries contain a large amount of vitamin C, coloring and tannins, as well as amino acids, tyrosine, fructose, glucose, carotene, sambucin, gum and malic acid.
These sweet and sour fruits need to be plucked along with the stem, so as not to drain the entire juice. They can be used for medicinal purposes, both in fresh and dried form. Fresh berries are used to treat peptic ulcer, hepatitis and neuralgia, and dried berries - against malaria.
You can also make jam from elderberry, which helps in the treatment of colitis, gastrointestinal diseases and even stomach cancer. But to fight skin cancer, it is better to use black elderberry wine. How can it be cooked?
There are many recipes for this drink, but most often it is prepared as follows:
- 1.2 kg of berries are poured with 5 liters of water and boiled for 2 hours;
- filter, add 800 grams of sugar and boil for another 1 hour;
- add a handful of raisins or wine yeast to a warm liquid and cover the container with a thick cloth;
- after fermentation, the foam is removed from the wine, it is poured into jars and left for 1 month;
- after that the wine is poured into glass bottles and covered with a cork stopper.
4. Bark and roots
The bark and roots of elderberry contain substances such as essential oil, phytosterols and choline. A decoction of bark helps to relieve swelling, as it has a good diuretic effect. Also, a decoction of bark and roots helps in the treatment of skin diseases and various rashes.
Baths with elderberry roots relieve erysipelas, and also help reduce headaches and overcome insomnia. Dried roots, crushed into powder, are used as a powder for drying ulcers, wounds and burns on the skin.
Despite all the benefits that can be obtained from black elderberry medicines, you must first consult with your doctor, as this plant can harm human health if used incorrectly.Especially you need to pay attention to contraindications, which include:
- chronic diseases of the digestive system;
- pregnancy and the period of breastfeeding;
- age up to 12 years;
- diabetes insipidus;
- Crohn's disease.
Black elderberry is sometimes called the elixir of longevity, as it cures many diseases and helps to prevent their development, but caution should be exercised, since the wrong dose of elderberry medicine can cause nausea and vomiting.