How to treat colpitis during pregnancy?
If pregnancy is complicated by some diseases, then it is important to detect them in time and begin to heal properly. And how to identify colpitis and quickly get rid of it?
What is this disease?
Colpitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes of the vagina, and sometimes the vaginal part of the cervix. A few decades ago, such a disease was extremely rare, but now it faces about 80% of women, including pregnant women. Another common name for colpitis is vaginitis.
Possible causes of development
The inflammatory process affecting the mucous membranes of the vagina can begin for a variety of reasons. Here are some of them:
- Sexually transmitted infections, such as trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, ureaplasmosis and others.
- Reduced immunity. It is caused directly by the physiological state of the future mother and leads to a disturbance of the microflora. The vagina is inhabited by many different microorganisms,and among them are conditionally pathogenic, which in the normal functioning of the immune system are suppressed by it and do not multiply, but in case of failures, they become more active and begin to cause harm.
- Hormonal changes observed during pregnancy. They directly affect the environment of the vagina: in the normal state, it has a slightly increased acidity, but during gestation it can become alkaline, which will cause the prevalence of pathogenic microflora and, accordingly, inflammation.
- Mechanical damage to the vagina, for example, with inaccurate deep hair removal or with rough or frequent sex.
- Wearing tight and uncomfortable underwear, especially thongs like “thongs” or “tanga” (they contribute to friction and adversely affect the mucous membranes of the vagina). Also, colpitis can be triggered by using linen made from synthetic fabrics or materials that cause allergies.
- Failure to follow personal hygiene rules or use of allergenic, inappropriate or aggressive means for intimate care.
- Allergic reactions to used lubricants or condoms.
- Unreasonable frequent douching, especially with antiseptic means.
- Some endocrine diseases (they affect the hormonal background, which, in turn, affects the environment of the vagina).
Colpitis during pregnancy probably will not go unnoticed, because he can cause severe discomfort to a future mother. Possible symptoms of the disease:
- The pronounced puffiness of the mucous membranes of the vagina, their reddening and hyperemia (rush of blood).
- Discomfort in the vagina, for example, a feeling of bursting or aching pain.
- In most cases, colpitis is accompanied by a rather severe itching.
- Another characteristic feature is discharge. As a rule, they are abundant, but the character will depend on the specific causes of the development of the disease. So, with infections, the secretions can be yellowish or even greenish, have an unpleasant odor or blood veins.
An experienced gynecologist can make a diagnosis already at the initial examination. But the detection of a disease is not everything, because it is also important to find out the reasons for its development. To do this, a specialist will take a swab from the vagina and send the material to the study,which will not only determine the inflammation (it will indicate an increase in the number of white blood cells), but also identify the infectious agents and determine their sensitivity to certain components of drugs. The results of the analysis will allow to appoint competent treatment.
How to treat colpitis?
Kolpit is perfectly treatable, but it is complicated by the fact that not all drugs are allowed during pregnancy, some can harm the expectant mother or fetus. In addition, it is important to establish and eliminate the causes of the disease.
Treatment may include the following areas:
- If colpitis is caused by a bacterial infection, then antibiotic therapy will be prescribed. Local antibiotics are most commonly used, but in severe cases, broad-spectrum drugs may be recommended.
- Combined medications can have an effect in several directions at once, for example, to destroy various infectious agents (bacteria, fungi), accelerate the healing process and stop inflammation. In this group, you can include local drugs "Vagothil", "Terzhinan."
- Antiseptic agents contribute to the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms, especially bacteria. This category may include funds "Betadine", "Hexicon".
- If the colpitis is caused by a fungal infection of the mucous membranes of the vagina, the doctor will probably prescribe an antifungal local remedy. Those many, for example, "Pimafutsin", "Nystatin."
- Sometimes useful physiotherapy procedures that increase the effectiveness of the means used and accelerates the process of recovery of the mucous membranes.
- To strengthen immunity, natural immunomodulating agents can be prescribed.
It is important: it is worth remembering that although the agents listed above are approved for use during pregnancy, only a doctor can prescribe them, self-treatment is dangerous! In addition, some drugs are contraindicated in certain terms of gestation, so the specialist must take this moment into account.
Folk remedies are also prescribed for pregnant women, most often in the form of baths, tampons or compresses, since douching in this position is undesirable.
A few effective home recipes:
- Chamomile decoction.To prepare a tablespoon of crushed flowers, pour a glass of boiling water, then cook the liquid for ten minutes. Strain it, pour it into a bowl, add warm (not hot!) Water and take a local bath. You can also use other plants, for example, coltsfoot, calendula.
- Prepare the broth of the hips and drink it three times a day for a quarter cup to strengthen the immune system.
- You can lubricate the vagina with sea buckthorn oil or put tampons soaked in it.
Kolpit during pregnancy is quite dangerous, so it is especially important to cure it in time. So, if inflammation spreads to the cervical canal and goes along the ascending path, it can lead to serious consequences, such as premature birth due to disruption of the structure of the cervix uterine placental failure (often it leads to fetal hypoxia), intrauterine infection of the unborn child, as well as all sorts of complications during or after childbirth (rapid or prolonged labor, ruptures, cervical erosion, etc.).
Health to all expectant mothers!