How to start beekeeping in 2018
Choose a suitable site for the apiary. It should be located at a distance from other beekeepers so that your bees will not suffer if an epidemic breaks out at a neighboring apiary. In addition, it is better to keep beehives away from high-voltage transmission lines, large bodies of water, and areas where chemicals are used to control pests.
Choose the type of hives suitable for you in which to settle bees. Beehives, called "loungers", are mobile, easy to carry and easy to inspect. An alternative to the "sun beds" are multihull hives. They are much larger and heavier than their brethren, but they prefer bees because of the large external resemblance to a hollow tree where bees live in the wild.
Build a fence around the apiary. Its height should be approximately one and a half to two and a half meters. Such a fence will help protect the bees from strong and sudden gusts of wind.And if other people live near the apiary, then thanks to the high fence they will be able to feel safe, because the bees will fly high enough above the ground, flying over the fence.
Purchase several families of bees, for a start it is better to limit yourself to three or five families, so that it would be easier to keep them under supervision. Do not mix bees of different breeds, because such independent crossing invariably entail negative changes at the genetic level and the degeneration of the breed, and therefore, the amount of collected honey will decrease.
Choose a breed of bees suitable for your climatic conditions. For beekeeping in conditions of the generally cold climate of Russia, the Carpathian or Central Russian breed is well suited. The first harder to tolerate cold weather, but different peaceful nature. The latter are quite aggressive, but more frost-resistant, hardy and less at risk of catching any disease due to their strong immune system.