How to prune pears

The main task of forming the crown of a pear is to create a strong skeleton that will be able to withstand the severity of the harvest. In addition, it is necessary that all branches are evenly illuminated by the sun, and the tree is convenient to handle from diseases and pests.

How to form a tree


After planting, you only need to slightly shorten the branches of the seedling to facilitate its rooting. The following year, the pear is also not worth much trimming - at this time it almost does not need to be formed, except that the extra branches need to be bent downwards and fixed in a horizontal position on the ground. This technique is needed in order for the pear to start fruiting earlier.
In the third year, it is necessary to remove excess branches growing up at an acute angle and shading the crown. You need to leave shoots with wide angles - in this case, with a large load there will be no risk that they break off under the weight of the fruit. The best classic option is to leave one central conductor and three well-developed branches, extending at an angle of at least 60 degrees, all other branches need to be cut with a sheath, leaving no hemp.The remaining branches should be shortened by 1/3 of their length, while ensuring that the height of the main conductor exceeds the length of the other branches by 15-20 cm.
To do this, the central conductor of the tree is shortened by 9-10 buds, the branches growing at an acute angle are removed, and the length of the new branches is slightly trimmed, making sure that they do not overtake the main branches in growth. In the fourth year of the tree’s life, the central conductor again needs to be shortened by 7–8 buds, the competing branches should be cut “on the ring”, cut into 1/3 of all remaining branches. At the same time, it is still necessary to ensure that the conductor remains the highest part of the tree, and all other branches are “subordinate” to it. For the fifth and subsequent years, it is necessary to thin out and lighten the crown of the tree, removing damaged and weak branches.

When to prune


The best time for pruning pears is in early spring, before the start of sap flow, although in some cases autumn pruning is also possible in late August and early September. This technique is more relevant for regions with a mild climate and allows you to form a pyramidal crown, positively affecting the quality and quantity of the crop.
For pruning, you need a sharp pruner, so as not to injure the branches unnecessarily. When using a pruner, you need to direct the narrow part of the blade to the part of the branch that needs to be cut - this will help cut the branch without breaking the bark and the tree will suffer less. All branches must be cut "on the ring", i.e. stump can not leave. You will also need garden var to treat fresh wounds - they need to be smeared immediately to prevent the infiltration of pests and pathogens.
The highest productivity of pears can be achieved only with the skillful formation of the crown, so do not neglect this technique.