How HIV is different from AIDS
HIV is a disease that initiates AIDS. The virus is transmitted directly through the contacts of the mucous membranes of one person with another. Also, the disease can be transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal discharge and breast milk. The peculiarity of HIV infection is the rate of its reproduction and the emergence from the same infection of various strains, which differ in their characteristics and mutational abilities.
HIV infection is a viral disease. The period from the entry of the virus into the human body to the development of AIDS can reach 9-11 years. The risk groups that are most likely to become infected include people who use drugs through injections and at the same time use the same utensils for its preparation and administration. The risk group includes the sexual partners of such addicts. HIV is transmitted through unprotected anal sex. It is also possible to get a virus through unprotected vaginal sex. Also at risk are people who engage in oral sex, as well as those who have received untested blood transfusions.Doctors can become infected with HIV from patients, as well as people whose immune system has already suffered from other sexually transmitted diseases. A special risk group consists of prostitutes and their clients.
To date, there is no cure for HIV that could destroy the virus. For therapy, the virus activity suppression method is used. Medicines prevent the transition of the disease to the stage of AIDS, but it is not possible to completely slow down the course of HIV today. Suppression of the activity of the disease allows the patient to live a full life, and the constant use of drugs can prolong life to a great age. However, after long-term use of a single drug, the virus mutates and it may be necessary for the patient to search for alternative therapy.
AIDS is a consequence of HIV infection, which has passed into its final stage. AIDS is characterized by the appearance of various infections acquired as a result of the destruction of the immune system and is also complicated by tumors and other non-communicable diseases. Immunodeficiency is the last stage of HIV, which is currently terminal and irreversible.
Most of the symptoms of the disease are caused by a weakened immune system under the influence of the virus. AIDS patients have bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic infections that usually do not occur in people without HIV.