Folic acid: indications for use, content in foods

It should be noted that folic acid serves as a foundation for DNA synthesis, as well as maintaining its integrity. Consequently, its use promotes cell growth and replication. In addition, the use of folic acid provides the production of special enzymes, the action of which prevents the occurrence of tumors.
Folic acid has a fairly wide spectrum of action and is shown in the presence of the following conditions: drug, folic deficiency and radiation anemia; the development of tropical diarrhea and chronic inflammation of the intestines; the occurrence of anemia as a complication after gastrectomy. In addition, the use of this component is recommended for the development of intestinal tuberculosis and vitamin B9 deficiency.Consumption of folic acid during pregnancy and lactation is considered mandatory.
The use of this drug in therapeutic doses is necessary in the case of taking medications such as "Fosfalugel", "Maalox"; when using combined oral contraceptives. In addition, folic acid can help in case of violation of the digestive system, with a lack of plant food in the diet. It also has a therapeutic effect in the event of vomiting during childbirth.
Today, pharmacy kiosks offer a wide selection of medicines based on folic acid. These include drugs such as “Folacin”, “Apo-Folica”, “Folio”. These drugs are available in the form of tablets, which is the most convenient form for dosing.
In addition to pharmaceutical medications, folic acid is contained in dietary supplements.
In addition, vitamin B9 is contained in the following multivitamin complexes for pregnant women: “Materna”, “Vitrum Prenatal”, “Elevit”, “Pregnavit”, “Multi-tabs perinatal”.It should be borne in mind that in such preparations there is a prophylactic dose. Accordingly, the dosage of vitamin B9 must be calculated taking into account its content in vitamin preparations.
It is worth noting that the human body can not produce folic acid. Consequently, it is obtained from food or is formed due to the microflora of the colon. Thus, in the presence of dysbacteriosis and violation of the bowels, the production of vitamin B9 may be insufficient. In this case, an additional source of such an element is needed. A large amount of vitamin B9 is present in plant foods: parsley, onion, beans, dill, peas, bananas, buckwheat, walnuts, oats, dried apricots, yeast, grapefruit, melons, mushrooms, turnips, bran, pumpkin, beets. In addition, folic acid sources are animal products and meat: pork, beef, kidneys, lamb, liver, poultry, eggs, milk, trout, cheese.
It is very useful to consume raw vegetables, because they contain the greatest amount of vitamin B9.
The lack of folic acid in the body of a woman expecting a child,can cause the development of a number of severe pathologies: miscarriage, mental retardation, detachment of the placenta, congenital malformations, hernia of the brain, cleft lip, anemia, cleft palate, hydrocephalus, preeclampsia.