Cork wallpapers for walls: characteristics and their installation
Cork wallpapers: production features
Cork wallpapers are available in rolls, panels or slabs. For their production using a natural environmentally friendly material - the bark of cork oak. The leader in the production of wallpaper - Portugal, because this country is the birthplace of a unique oak. Cork finishes are also produced by other European countries: Spain, Italy, Germany, Switzerland. Material premium and super premium is quite expensive, but with proper labeling and operation is very long.
The manufacturing process is simple. The collected cork is sorted, sorted, the selected material is crushed and pressed. In the process, oak chips emit natural resins that glue the particles together to form a unique pattern. The result is a voluminous porous web, which becomes the raw material for the production of decorative plates or wallpaper.The base coating is fragile and fragile, for greater durability it is glued to the base, covered with a protective layer, tinted and painted.
Wall coating options: what to choose
All wallpapers are divided into 3 large groups:
- having a non-woven or paper base;
- self adhesive
Baseless wallpaper is rare. They are produced in standard rolls of 5.5 m each. The material contains only natural unpainted or tinted cork. The delicacy of the material requires professional gluing, it is better to use wallpaper as an accent.
Wall-paper with a base from a flizelin - the most popular and convenient material in work. It is easily attached to any walls, hiding their imperfections. Available in rolls of 5.5 or 10 m, the width varies from 30 to 100 cm. The wallpaper is quite thick, has high noise-absorbing qualities.
Paper-based cork wallpapers are the same length and width, but may be thinner. They are cheaper than coatings on non-woven fabric, but are also suitable for self-repair.
Self-adhesive wallpaper consists of a film with an adhesive layer and cork veneer. Ideal for decorating perfectly smooth surfaces: aligned walls, glass, metal. Available in standard rolls of 5.5 m.
The most expensive option is cork tile.Its thickness ranges from 3 to 5 mm, the standard size is 30 to 60 cm. Working with tiles is convenient, it is suitable for all surfaces, if necessary, you can replace the damaged area without removing the floor from the entire wall.
Untreated cork has a porous texture, it perfectly isolates sound, but absorbs dust, dirt and grease. To protect walls from stains, special coatings will help: wax or breathable varnish. Coated wallpapers are more expensive, but they last much longer and look more aesthetic.
Pros and cons of cork wallpaper
Having decided to finish the natural cork, you need to know all the advantages and disadvantages of this material. The unconditional advantages include:
- Ecological perfection. When creating wallpaper using natural materials without formaldehyde, artificial resins, caustic dyes. Wallpapers do not accumulate static electricity, are not affected by mold fungi, have antibacterial properties.
- High aesthetic qualities. Each roll has a unique pattern, soft natural colors easily fit into any interior and do not get bored.
- Pleasant tactile sensations.Wallpaper softly springy, they are warm, smooth, slightly rough.
- Excellent sound insulation. The loose porous cork extinguishes extraneous sounds and vibration, which makes it indispensable for city apartments.
- Durability. The material does not fade, does not attract dirt and dust, easy to clean. With proper care, the wallpaper will not require replacement of 10-20 years.
- Security. Cork wallpapers do not sustain combustion and hardly ignite. When burning do not emit toxic substances.
- Plastic. Soft wallpaper bends well, suitable for pasting non-standard surfaces with different textures, hide small defects.
The downside of the cork is significantly less. There is a high price among them - even the cheapest wallpapers are more expensive than paper and non-woven counterparts or ceramic tiles. In addition, loose and soft texture makes the coating vulnerable to mechanical impact. Wallpapers can be damaged even when rearranging furniture, well, and pets can quickly bring them into disrepair.
Experts do not recommend gluing cork wallpaper in rooms with high humidity. For bathrooms, kitchens and halls they produce special versions with a durable waterproof coating, but the lifetime of the wallpaper in such rooms is significantly shorter.
How to glue the cork on the wall: professional advice
After purchase, rolls or tiles should rest. They need to be stored in the same premises where repairs will be made - the temperature background is very important.
Before sticking the wallpaper is cut into strips, leaving an allowance of a couple of centimeters. The blanks are unrolled and laid on a flat surface for several hours. Clogged material is difficult to attach to the walls, it must straighten.
Materials on paper or non-woven base need regular glue for heavy wallpaper. Coatings that do not have a base are glued only with special compositions for cork. In order not to be mistaken, it is worthwhile to carefully study the instructions attached to each roll.
Before work, the walls are cleaned of old coatings: wallpaper, whitewash, paint. Uneven surfaces need to be plastered and sanded, primer is required, eliminating dust. The location of the first lane is planned with a plumb, the wallpaper should be mounted perfectly evenly.
Liquid glue is applied with a brush or paint roller, it is convenient to spread thick with a spatula. Then the strip of wallpaper is folded twice with glue inside, transferred to the wall and fixed. Smooth the canvas will help clean rubber roller.It will remove bubbles and guarantee a strong grip on the wall. If glue is squeezed out from under the wallpaper, it is immediately washed with a soft, dry cloth.
Natural relief of the wallpaper does not require precise alignment of the pattern. The strips are glued end to end, they are cut at the corners with a sharp knife, checking the dimensions with a ruler. After the sticker wallpaper should dry out for 2-3 days, at this time in the room can not open the window. If desired, cork covered with waterproof varnish or special wax.